Date and place of birth: Sept. 3, 1947, Rome.
Current position: President of the European Central Bank since 2011.
Previous: Governor of the Bank of Italy.
Education: Doctorate in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
What you should know: Draghi is arguably not just the most powerful man in the country but one of the most influential policy-makers in the world. In 2012, his vow to do "whatever it takes" to save the euro is widely credited with having quelled the eurozone's sovereign-debt crisis. Two years later, he said the ECB was exploring more unconventional monetary policies and would likely move beyond offering liquidity to banks and buy debt securities outright. He is a potential candidate to be next president of the Italian Republic.