Date and place of birth: April 20, 1949, Rome.
Current position: Member of National Committee of Democratic Party; President of ItalianiEuropei Foundation and of FEPS (Foundation of European
Progressive Studies) .
Previous: In 1986, member of the secretariat of the Italian Communist Party. In 1987, member of the Chamber of Deputies. In 1994, secretary general of the Democratic Party of the Left. From October 1998 to April 2000, prime minister of Italy. From June 2004 to April 2006, member of the European Parliament. From May 2006 to May 2008, deputy prime minister and foreign minister in the Romano Prodi's government.
Education: High school diploma in classical studies.
What you should know: Massimo D'Alema has been a dominant figure in Italian politics since the early 1990s. He helped the Italian Communist Party transform itself into the Democratic Party of the Left. He advocated dialogue with Silvio Berlusconi and his center-right party. This position led to him becoming head of the parliamentary committee on constitutional reform with the support of Berlusconi's Forza Italia party in 1997. After a number of political appointments including prime minister, D'Alema chose not to run for office in 2013.